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Beginner 2 > Lesson 8

Lesson 8. More Future Tense : –겠다, –/을게요, –/을래요


This form, when used as a Future tense form, can only be conjugated in Present Tense, and never in Past or Future! (겠었어요 or 겠을 거예요 does NOT exist.)



Following are its usages:

1) Firm Will or Determination.

In this context, the Subject can only be First-person subjects i.e., ‘I’ or ‘we’.

Ex. 이제부터 공부를 열심히 하겠어요! = From now on, I will study hard!

Ex. 올해에는 날마다 운동하겠습니다 = This year, I will work out every day.

Ex. 내일부터 술을 안 마시겠습니다 = I will not drink starting tomorrow.

Ex. 담배를 끊겠습니다 = I will quit smoking.

Ex. 앞으로 지각하지 않겠습니다 = From now on, I will not be late.


2) Conveying information that something is about to happen.

In this context, it is usually used in Formal situations.

Ex. 비행기가 곧 착륙하겠습니다 = The flight will land soon.

Ex. 방송이 곧 시작하겠습니다 = The broadcast will start soon.


3) Guessing/something must be…

Ex. 어젯밤 10시까지 일했어요? 피곤하겠어요. = Did you work until 10PM yesterday? You must be tired.

Ex. 요즘 책을 쓰고 있죠? 바쁘시겠어요 = You’re writing a book these days, right? You must be busy.

Ex. 그만 좀 하세요. 아기가 울겠어요 = Stop doing that. The baby will cry.

Ex. 너 지수의 파티에 갔었지? 재미있었*겠어! = You went to Jisoo’s party, right? It must’ve been fun!
*When 겠어 is combined with Past Tense stem of a verb, you are guessing something might have been so in the past.


4) Rhetorical question of something that is obviously not true.

Ex. – 지수 씨, 배 안 고파요? = Miss Jisoo, aren’t you hungry?

       – 아까 점심을 그렇게 많이 먹었는데 배가 고프겠어요? = Just earlier I ate so much, how can I be hungry?

Ex. – 지수가 제 선물을 안 받을 까봐 걱정돼요 = I worry that Jisoo won’t accept my gift.

      – 이렇게 좋은 선물을 누가 안 받겠어요? = Who wouldn’t receive such a good gift?


5) Polite way to ask, ‘Would you…?’

Ex. 주문하시겠어요? = Would you like to order?

Ex. 언제 오시겠어요? = When would you come?

Ex. 어디 가시겠어요? = Where would you like to go?

Ex. 할 수 있겠어요? = Would you be able to do it?


2. Verb-/을게():

The Subject can only be First-person subjects i.e., ‘I’ or ‘we’.

Following are its usages:

1) Making a promise:

Ex. 내일 전화할게 = I’ll call you tomorrow.

Ex. 이제부터 안 그럴게 = I won’t do that from now on.

Ex. 오늘 못 끝내서 죄송해요. 내일은 꼭 끝낼게요 = I’m sorry that I couldn’t finish it today. I will finish it tomorrow for sure.


2) Informing someone what I’ll do, usually right now or in the near future, to sound considerate.

Ex. 잠시만 화장실 좀 다녀올게요. = I’ll go to the bathroom for a moment.

Ex. 지금 너무 피곤해서 좀 쉴게. 이따가 얘기하자 = I’m very tired so I’m going to rest a bit. Let’s talk a little later.

Ex. 이 문법이 이해가 안 가요? 제가 설명해드릴게요. = You don’t understand this grammar? Let me explain.


3. Verb-/을래():

The subject always has to be ‘I’ or ‘We,’ and it can also be used interchangeably with the Verb-ㄹ/을 거예요 i.e., the standard future form.

Following are its usages:

1) Informing your choice/decision (casual decision):

Ex. 나는 안 갈래 = I won’t go.

Ex. 그냥 포기 할래요 = I’ll just give up.

Ex. 오늘 저녁 안 먹을래요 = I won’t eat dinner today.

Ex. 커피를 이따가 마실래요. = I will drink the coffee later.


2) Invitation/Suggestion.

Here, the Subject will be ‘You’ to mean ‘Would you like to/Do you want to (verb)?’ etc. – invitation, suggestion

Ex. 영화 볼래? = Would you like to watch a movie?

Ex. 오늘은 집에서 쉴래요? = Do you want to rest at home today?

Ex. 제가 키우는 고양이 사진 볼래요? = Would you like to see my cat’s photo?


DIFFERENCE BETWEEN –겠습니다 and –을래요 when talking about your decisions:

-겠습니다 form is used in more serious contexts and -ㄹ/을래요 form can be used while making decisions in your everyday casual situations.


DIFFERENCE BETWEEN –을래요and –을게요 when informing someone about something that I will do:

-을게요 is used in situations where you feel like the listener has to know about the information; when you’re being considerate towards the listener.